Developing a perceptual distance monitor for client-contractor collaborations

H.J.C. (Christian) van der Krift (Corresponding author), Arjan J. van Weele, Josette M.P. Gevers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


This study aims to propose a tool for conceptualizing and operationalizing perceptual distance in client-contractor collaborations: the perceptual distance monitor (PDM). This paper explains how this monitor was developed and used to examine the impact of perceptual distance on project outcomes. This paper developed the PDM by gathering quantitative survey data from client and contractor representatives. Structural equation modeling tested the predictive validity of perceptual distance on project outcomes. The PDM enables a valid and reliable assessment of the perceptual distance between client and contractor in projects. Moreover, the PDM shows that project outcomes suffer if parties have different perceptions of project objectives, project managers’ competences and the level of trust in the collaboration. These findings confirm the predictive validity of the PDM. Using the PDM, project managers can concretize, discuss and monitor this perceptual distance over time. The PDM provides project managers with a useful tool to prevent the escalation of conflicts and project failure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-64
Number of pages17
JournalSupply Chain Management : an International Journal
Issue number1
Early online dateNov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2021


  • Collaboration
  • Project management
  • Supplier relationships


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