Detection of alcoholism based on EEG signals and functional brain network features extraction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alcoholism is a common disorder that leads to brain defects and associated cognitive, emotional and behavioral impairments. Finding and extracting discriminative biological markers, which are correlated to healthy brain pattern and alcoholic brain pattern, helps us to utilize automatic methods for detecting and classifying alcoholism. Many brain disorders could be detected by analysing the Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. In this paper, for extracting the required markers we analyse the EEG signals for two groups of alcoholic and control subjects. Then by applying wavelet transform, band-limited EEG signals are decomposed into five frequency sub-bands. Also, the principle component analysis (PCA) is employed to choose the most information carrying channels. By examining various features from different frequency sub-bands, six discriminative features for classification are selected. From functional brain network perspective, the lower synchronization in Beta frequency sub-band and loss of lateralization in Alpha frequency sub-band in alcoholic subjects are observed. Also from signal processing perspective we found that alcoholic subjects have lower values of fractal dimension, energy and entropy compared to control ones. Five different classifiers are used to classify these groups of alcoholic and control subjects that show very high accuracies (more than 90%). However, by comparing the performance of different classifiers, SVM, random forest and gradient boosting show the best performances with accuracies near 100%. Our study shows that fractal dimension, entropy and energy of channel C1 in Alpha frequency sub-band are the more important features for classification.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE 30th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), 22-24 June 2017, Thessaloniki, Greece
EditorsPanagiotis D. Bamidis, Stathis Th. Konstantinidis, Pedro Pereira Rodrigues
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages179-184
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-1710-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-1711-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2017
Eventconference; 30th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems; 22-24 June 2017, Thessaloniki, Greece - Thessaloniki, Greece
Duration: 22 Jun 201724 Jun 2017

Conference

Conferenceconference; 30th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems; 22-24 June 2017, Thessaloniki, Greece
Abbreviated titleCBMS
CountryGreece
CityThessaloniki
Period22/06/1724/06/17

Keywords

  • Alcoholism
  • Brain Network
  • Brain Signal Processing
  • Classification
  • EEG
  • Feature Extraction

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  • Cite this

    Ahmadi, N., Pei, Y., & Pechenizkiy, M. (2017). Detection of alcoholism based on EEG signals and functional brain network features extraction. In P. D. Bamidis, S. T. Konstantinidis, & P. P. Rodrigues (Eds.), 2017 IEEE 30th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), 22-24 June 2017, Thessaloniki, Greece (pp. 179-184). [8104182] Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/CBMS.2017.46