This paper presents a design-space exploration of an application-specific instruction-set processor (ASIP) for the computation of various cryptographic pairings over Barreto-Naehrig curves (BN curves). Cryptographic pairings are based on elliptic curves over finite fields—in the case of BN curves a field Fp of large prime order p. Efficient arithmetic in these fields is crucial for fast computation of pairings. Moreover, computation of cryptographic pairings is much more complex than elliptic-curve cryptography (ECC) in general. Therefore, we facilitate programming of the proposed ASIP by providing a C compiler.
In order to speed up Fp arithmetic, a RISC core is extended with additional scalable functional units. Because the resulting speedup can be limited by the memory throughput, utilization of multiple data-memory banks is proposed. The presented design needs 15.8 ms for the computation of the Optimal-Ate pairing over a 256-bit BN curve at 338 MHz implemented with a 130 nm standard cell library. The processor core consumes 97 kGates making it suitable for the use in embedded systems.
|Title of host publication||Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems - CHES 2009 (11th International Workshop Lausanne, Switzerland, September 6-9, 2009. Proceedings)|
|Editors||C. Clavier, K. Gaj|
|Place of Publication||Berlin|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|