Design of a nanosecond high voltage surface discharge switch

D.B. Pawelek, P.A.A.F. Wouters, A.J.M. Pemen, G.J.H. Brussaard, A.H. Kemper

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a concept for a novel high voltage low impedance surface discharge switch. The mechanism of surface discharges in gas was investigated on the nanosecond scale by Mesyats (2005). The important parameters which determine the switching performance of a pulsed-charged surface discharge switch, namely breakdown voltage, breakdown jitter and multi-channelling behaviour are controlled by dimensions of the discharge gap, the characteristics of the dielectric, the type and pressure of the gas and the rise time of the applied voltage pulse. The number of channels formed in a surface discharge switch is mainly a function of the applied voltage pulse (dV/dt > 1 kV/ns)2. The breakdown mechanism of a surface discharge switch was investigated by Reinovsky and Goforth (2004). A novel design of high voltage low impedance surface discharge switch was simulated in CST Microwave Studio. The basic design parameters were 2 nanosecond pulse length, very low characteristics impedance (2 Omega) and 1 nanosecond rise time. A high dielectric constant causes a low impedance, while keeping the distance between the powered electrode and the grounded base plate large enough to prevent breakdown. The
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 34th IEEE International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007), Albuquerque, USA, 17-22 June 2007
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-0915-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event34th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS 2007) - Albuquerque, United States
Duration: 17 Jun 200722 Jun 2007

Conference

Conference34th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS 2007)
Abbreviated titleICOPS 2007 / PPC 2007
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAlbuquerque
Period17/06/0722/06/07

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