Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch

D.B. Pawelek, P.A.A.F. Wouters, A.J.M. Pemen, A.H. Kemper, G.J.H. Brussaard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Summary form only given. Spark-gap switches are currently extensively used in pulse power systems. High power pulsed applications, however, require fast rise time and low inductance of the switch. The advantage of using a multiple gap switch (several spark gaps in series) is its sharpening effect. If the first gap breaks down, an over-voltage will occur over the remaining ones, resulting in successive breakdowns of the other gaps. The last one determines the instance of the switching. By optimizing the number of gaps and using gas at high pressure, multiple-gap switch/switches can be used for repetitive application. Fast rise times (down to 1 nanosecond) are obtainable because of the short distance of the individual gaps.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA
Place of PublicationPiscataway, New Jersey, USA
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages347-347
ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-0915-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event34th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS 2007) - Albuquerque, United States
Duration: 17 Jun 200722 Jun 2007

Conference

Conference34th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS 2007)
Abbreviated titleICOPS 2007 / PPC 2007
CountryUnited States
CityAlbuquerque
Period17/06/0722/06/07

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spark gaps
high voltages
switches
breakdown
overvoltage
inductance
pulses
gases

Cite this

Pawelek, D. B., Wouters, P. A. A. F., Pemen, A. J. M., Kemper, A. H., & Brussaard, G. J. H. (2007). Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch. In Proceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA (pp. 347-347). Piscataway, New Jersey, USA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/PPPS.2007.4345653
Pawelek, D.B. ; Wouters, P.A.A.F. ; Pemen, A.J.M. ; Kemper, A.H. ; Brussaard, G.J.H. / Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch. Proceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA. Piscataway, New Jersey, USA : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007. pp. 347-347
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title = "Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch",
abstract = "Summary form only given. Spark-gap switches are currently extensively used in pulse power systems. High power pulsed applications, however, require fast rise time and low inductance of the switch. The advantage of using a multiple gap switch (several spark gaps in series) is its sharpening effect. If the first gap breaks down, an over-voltage will occur over the remaining ones, resulting in successive breakdowns of the other gaps. The last one determines the instance of the switching. By optimizing the number of gaps and using gas at high pressure, multiple-gap switch/switches can be used for repetitive application. Fast rise times (down to 1 nanosecond) are obtainable because of the short distance of the individual gaps.",
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Pawelek, DB, Wouters, PAAF, Pemen, AJM, Kemper, AH & Brussaard, GJH 2007, Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch. in Proceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA, pp. 347-347, 34th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS 2007), Albuquerque, United States, 17/06/07. https://doi.org/10.1109/PPPS.2007.4345653

Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch. / Pawelek, D.B.; Wouters, P.A.A.F.; Pemen, A.J.M.; Kemper, A.H.; Brussaard, G.J.H.

Proceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA. Piscataway, New Jersey, USA : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007. p. 347-347.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch

AU - Pawelek, D.B.

AU - Wouters, P.A.A.F.

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AU - Kemper, A.H.

AU - Brussaard, G.J.H.

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N2 - Summary form only given. Spark-gap switches are currently extensively used in pulse power systems. High power pulsed applications, however, require fast rise time and low inductance of the switch. The advantage of using a multiple gap switch (several spark gaps in series) is its sharpening effect. If the first gap breaks down, an over-voltage will occur over the remaining ones, resulting in successive breakdowns of the other gaps. The last one determines the instance of the switching. By optimizing the number of gaps and using gas at high pressure, multiple-gap switch/switches can be used for repetitive application. Fast rise times (down to 1 nanosecond) are obtainable because of the short distance of the individual gaps.

AB - Summary form only given. Spark-gap switches are currently extensively used in pulse power systems. High power pulsed applications, however, require fast rise time and low inductance of the switch. The advantage of using a multiple gap switch (several spark gaps in series) is its sharpening effect. If the first gap breaks down, an over-voltage will occur over the remaining ones, resulting in successive breakdowns of the other gaps. The last one determines the instance of the switching. By optimizing the number of gaps and using gas at high pressure, multiple-gap switch/switches can be used for repetitive application. Fast rise times (down to 1 nanosecond) are obtainable because of the short distance of the individual gaps.

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DO - 10.1109/PPPS.2007.4345653

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BT - Proceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA

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Pawelek DB, Wouters PAAF, Pemen AJM, Kemper AH, Brussaard GJH. Design of a nanosecond high voltage multiple-stage spark gap switch. In Proceedings of the 34th International conference on Plasma Science and 16th International Pulsed Power conference (ICOPS 2007) 17-22 June 2007, Albuquerque, USA. Piscataway, New Jersey, USA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2007. p. 347-347 https://doi.org/10.1109/PPPS.2007.4345653