Design of a low-cost, portable, and automated cardiopulmonary resuscitation device for emergency scenarios in Ecuador

Michael Dziekan, Shadman Jubaer, Victoria Sell, Sudhanshu Manda, Asem Aboelzahab, Romero Sebastian Velastegui, Juan Camilo Mejia-Viana, Jorge Alfredo Uquillas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Approximately 90% of patients who suffer out-ofhospital cardiac arrest die [1]. Thus, when a cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) maneuver is needed, rescuer fatigue is a problem because more than 2 minutes of continuous CPR translates in defective delivery of the resuscitation technique [2]. This problem has two main components: first, lack of access to trained professionals with adequate emergency medical equipment, and second, the long delay to receive immediate medical care [3]. After the 7.8-magnitude earthquake in Ecuador on April 2016, first responders were unable to deliver CPR to hundreds of victims, resulting in preventable deaths [3]. Though commercially available CPR devices exist, the prohibitive cost of such devices makes them inaccessible for hospitals in Ecuador. Therefore, there is a need for a low-cost, portable, automated CPR device to combat lack of access to emergency medical equipment and rescuer fatigue, while keeping patients alive long enough to endure transportation to a medical facility. To address this need, this team has manufactured a portable automated CPR device that costs 540 and weights 4.5 kg. The device can be powered by any car or boat battery, and is equipped with a backup battery. Effective CPR can be administered following the American Heart Association guidelines, to provide 6 cm of chest displacement at 120 compressions per minute [4]. The device is easy to use, and can be operable on-site with minimal training to emergency personnel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE 2nd Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting, ETCM 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538638941
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2018
Event2nd IEEE Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting, ETCM 2017 - Salinas, Ecuador
Duration: 16 Oct 201720 Oct 2017

Conference

Conference2nd IEEE Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting, ETCM 2017
CountryEcuador
CitySalinas
Period16/10/1720/10/17

Keywords

  • automatic
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Ecuador
  • emergency
  • low-cost
  • medical device
  • portable

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Design of a low-cost, portable, and automated cardiopulmonary resuscitation device for emergency scenarios in Ecuador'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Dziekan, M., Jubaer, S., Sell, V., Manda, S., Aboelzahab, A., Velastegui, R. S., Mejia-Viana, J. C., & Uquillas, J. A. (2018). Design of a low-cost, portable, and automated cardiopulmonary resuscitation device for emergency scenarios in Ecuador. In 2017 IEEE 2nd Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting, ETCM 2017 (pp. 1-6). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/ETCM.2017.8247473