Design and implementation of a compact 20 kHz nanosecond magnetic pulse compression generator

A.B.J.M. Driessen, F.J.C.M. Beckers, T. Huiskamp, A.J.M. Pemen

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A compact magnetic pulse compression (MPC) topology with only two magnetic cores and a continuous repetition rate of 20 kHz is presented. The demand for higher average output powers of pulsed power systems can be achieved by an increase of the pulse rate frequency (PRF). The PRF is often limited by the switching speed or recovery of the main switch and also the complex behavior of the magnetic materials. With the advent of insulated gate bipolar transistors and the nanocrystalline soft magnetic material, PRFs of tens of kilohertz are feasible if a suitable MPC topology is applied. The presented MPC is based on an existing topology that has been significantly improved to enable high-frequency pulse generation. A design method using 3-D magnetostatic and transient magnetic simulations is introduced to enable optimization of the magnetic switching components. A 20 kHz, 60 kV, and 52 ns full width at half maximum (FWHM) MPC generator is designed, built, and tested for a 100 Ω load. Simulations suggest that a PRF up to 50 kHz is achievable, but continuous operation will likely be limited by thermal management.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8114337
Pages (from-to)3288-3299
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


  • Magnetic hysteresis
  • magnetic switches
  • power semiconductor switches
  • pulse power systems
  • pulse transformers
  • soft magnetic materials


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