Design and development of ITER high-frequency magnetic sensor

Y. Ma, G. Vayakis, L. B. Begrambekov, J.J. Cooper, I. Duran, M. Hirsch, H.P. Laqua, Ph. Moreau, J.W. Oosterbeek, P. Spuig, T. Stange, M. Walsh

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High-frequency (HF) inductive magnetic sensors are the primary ITER diagnostic set for Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes (TAE) detection, while they also supplement low-frequency MHD and plasma equilibrium measurements. These sensors will be installed on the inner surface of ITER vacuum vessel, operated in a harsh environment with considerable neutron/nuclear radiation and high thermal load. Essential components of the HF sensor system, including inductive coil, electron cyclotron heating (ECH) shield, electrical cabling and termination load, have been designed to meet ITER measurement requirements. System performance (e.g. frequency response, thermal conduction) has been assessed. A prototyping campaign was initiated to demonstrate the manufacturability of the designed components. Prototypes have been produced according to the specifications. A series of lab tests have been performed to examine assembly issues and validate electrical and thermo-mechanical aspects of the design. In-situ microwave radiation test has been conducted in the MISTRAL test facility at IPP-Greifswald to experimentally examine the microwave shielding efficiency and structural integrity of the ECH shield. Low-power microwave attenuation measurement and scanning electron microscopic inspection were conducted to probe and examine the quality of the metal coating on the ECH shield.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-612
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016


  • ITER
  • High-frequency
  • Magnetic diagnostics
  • ECH


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