Design and characterization of an eight-element passively-fed meander-dipole array with improved specific absorption rate efficiency for 7T body imaging

Irena Zivkovic, Catalina S. Arteaga de Castro, Andrew Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the transmit efficiency and specific absorption rate (SAR) efficiency of a new eight-element passively fed meander-dipole antenna array designed for body MRI at 7 T, and to compare these values with a conventional directly fed meander-dipole array. Methods: The main radiating element of the passively fed dipole is printed on one side of a dielectric substrate and is capacitively coupled to a shorter feeding element (connected to the coaxial cable) printed on the opposite side of the substrate. The transmit (B 1 +) field and SAR were simulated on a phantom and on a human voxel model for both a passively fed and a directly fed single element. Two eight-channel arrays containing, respectively, directly and passively fed meander dipoles were then simulated, and experimental B 1 + maps and T 2-weighted spin echo images of the prostate were obtained in vivo for four healthy volunteers. Results: In simulations, the mean transmit efficiency (B 1 + per square root input power) value in the prostate was ~ 12.5% lower, and the maximum 10 g average SAR was 44% lower for the array containing passively fed dipoles, resulting in ~ 15% higher SAR efficiency for the passively fed array. In vivo RF-shimmed turbo spin echo images were acquired from both arrays, and showed image SNRs within 5% of one another. Conclusion: A passive-feeding network for meander-dipole antennas has been shown to be a simple method to increase the SAR efficiency of a multi-element array used for body imaging at high fields. We hypothesize that the main reason for the increase in SAR efficiency is the storage of the strong conservative electric field in the dielectric between the feeding element and the radiating element of the dipole. The passive-feeding approach can be generalized to other dipole geometries and configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere4106
Number of pages9
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 7T MRI coils
  • dipole antennas
  • specific absorption rate
  • passive feed
  • 7 T MRI coils
  • transmit efficiency
  • Prostate/diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Equipment Design
  • Electricity
  • Computer Simulation
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • 7 T MRI coils

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