Densely cross-linked liquid crystal networks by controlled photopolymerization of ordered liquid crystal monomers: properties and applications

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Abstract

Polymers with a controlledmolecular organization in all three dimensions are of interest because of their unusual, but very accurately adjustable and addressable optical, electrical, and mechanical properties. An established method to produce 3-D ordered polymers is the photoinitiated polymerization of liquid crystal (LC) monomers [1-4]. The variety in possible LC phases of low-molar-mass reactive mesogens provides diversity in the choice of the type of the molecular order, all being accessible to be fixed by the polymerization process [5-8]. Known techniques to establish monolithic molecular order in LCs, such as rubbed surfaces, surfactant-treated surfaces, external electric, or magnetic fields or flow, can be applied or even can be combined with each other to create films of even more complex molecular architectures [9]. The molecular structure of LC monomers can be tailored, for example, to optimize on the mechanical and optical properties of the films. Furthermore, blends of monomers can be made to adjust the properties in the monomeric state, such as the LC transition temperatures and the flow viscosity, and in the polymeric state, such as the elastic modulus, the glass transition (Tg) temperature, and the refractive indices.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDensely Cross-Linked Liquid Crystal Networks by Controlled Photopolymerization of Ordered Liquid Crystal Monomers
Subtitle of host publicationProperties and Applications
EditorsGregory crawford, slobodan zumer, dirk broer
Place of PublicationBoca Raton
PublisherCRC Press
Chapter1
Pages4-47
Number of pages46
ISBN (Print)978-1-4200-4622-9
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2011

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