DC-bias for Optical OFDM in Visible Light Communications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The requirement of a DC-bias is known to make DC-biased Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) less energy efficient. This can be improved by Asymmetrically Clipped Optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM), Pulse Amplitude Modulated OFDM (PAM-OFDM) or Flip-OFDM, but these variants use the bandwidth inefficiently. Our trade-off between energy and spectrum efficiency considers a given limited channel bandwidth of the Light Emitting Diode (LED) and then attempts to get the highest throughput per unit of energy. We investigate previous findings that clipped OFDM can be more attractive in a low-SNR regime. More specifically, we consider Visible Light Communication (VLC) in which the average light level, i.e., the bias, is prescribed by illumination requirements, thus comes for free. ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM can convert the DC-bias into power for communication, but all variants of OFDM, including DCO-OFDM consume extra electrical power. We conclude that in this scenario, advantages attributed to ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM vanish, as DCO-OFDM outperforms its variants in all SNR conditions, in terms of achieved throughput over a bandlimited channel as a function of extra electrical power required. For hybrid solutions, such as Asymmetrically clipped DC biased Optical OFDM (ADO-OFDM) and Hybrid ACO-OFDM (HACO-OFDM), we optimize a new adaptive power and rate splitting between odd (clipped) and even (biased/clipped) subcarriers to balance power and bandwidth efficiency.
LanguageEnglish
Pages98319-98330
JournalIEEE Access
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
Pulse amplitude modulation
Bandwidth
Visible light communication
Throughput
Light emitting diodes
Lighting
Communication

Cite this

@article{003252c1818142e59f8af06f7a591e3f,
title = "DC-bias for Optical OFDM in Visible Light Communications",
abstract = "The requirement of a DC-bias is known to make DC-biased Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) less energy efficient. This can be improved by Asymmetrically Clipped Optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM), Pulse Amplitude Modulated OFDM (PAM-OFDM) or Flip-OFDM, but these variants use the bandwidth inefficiently. Our trade-off between energy and spectrum efficiency considers a given limited channel bandwidth of the Light Emitting Diode (LED) and then attempts to get the highest throughput per unit of energy. We investigate previous findings that clipped OFDM can be more attractive in a low-SNR regime. More specifically, we consider Visible Light Communication (VLC) in which the average light level, i.e., the bias, is prescribed by illumination requirements, thus comes for free. ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM can convert the DC-bias into power for communication, but all variants of OFDM, including DCO-OFDM consume extra electrical power. We conclude that in this scenario, advantages attributed to ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM vanish, as DCO-OFDM outperforms its variants in all SNR conditions, in terms of achieved throughput over a bandlimited channel as a function of extra electrical power required. For hybrid solutions, such as Asymmetrically clipped DC biased Optical OFDM (ADO-OFDM) and Hybrid ACO-OFDM (HACO-OFDM), we optimize a new adaptive power and rate splitting between odd (clipped) and even (biased/clipped) subcarriers to balance power and bandwidth efficiency.",
author = "Xiong Deng and Shokoufeh Mardanikorani and Guofu Zhou and J.P. Linnartz",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2928944",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "98319--98330",
journal = "IEEE Access",
issn = "2169-3536",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",

}

DC-bias for Optical OFDM in Visible Light Communications. / Deng, Xiong; Mardanikorani, Shokoufeh (Corresponding author); Zhou, Guofu; Linnartz, J.P.

In: IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 2019, p. 98319-98330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - DC-bias for Optical OFDM in Visible Light Communications

AU - Deng,Xiong

AU - Mardanikorani,Shokoufeh

AU - Zhou,Guofu

AU - Linnartz,J.P.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The requirement of a DC-bias is known to make DC-biased Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) less energy efficient. This can be improved by Asymmetrically Clipped Optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM), Pulse Amplitude Modulated OFDM (PAM-OFDM) or Flip-OFDM, but these variants use the bandwidth inefficiently. Our trade-off between energy and spectrum efficiency considers a given limited channel bandwidth of the Light Emitting Diode (LED) and then attempts to get the highest throughput per unit of energy. We investigate previous findings that clipped OFDM can be more attractive in a low-SNR regime. More specifically, we consider Visible Light Communication (VLC) in which the average light level, i.e., the bias, is prescribed by illumination requirements, thus comes for free. ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM can convert the DC-bias into power for communication, but all variants of OFDM, including DCO-OFDM consume extra electrical power. We conclude that in this scenario, advantages attributed to ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM vanish, as DCO-OFDM outperforms its variants in all SNR conditions, in terms of achieved throughput over a bandlimited channel as a function of extra electrical power required. For hybrid solutions, such as Asymmetrically clipped DC biased Optical OFDM (ADO-OFDM) and Hybrid ACO-OFDM (HACO-OFDM), we optimize a new adaptive power and rate splitting between odd (clipped) and even (biased/clipped) subcarriers to balance power and bandwidth efficiency.

AB - The requirement of a DC-bias is known to make DC-biased Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) less energy efficient. This can be improved by Asymmetrically Clipped Optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM), Pulse Amplitude Modulated OFDM (PAM-OFDM) or Flip-OFDM, but these variants use the bandwidth inefficiently. Our trade-off between energy and spectrum efficiency considers a given limited channel bandwidth of the Light Emitting Diode (LED) and then attempts to get the highest throughput per unit of energy. We investigate previous findings that clipped OFDM can be more attractive in a low-SNR regime. More specifically, we consider Visible Light Communication (VLC) in which the average light level, i.e., the bias, is prescribed by illumination requirements, thus comes for free. ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM can convert the DC-bias into power for communication, but all variants of OFDM, including DCO-OFDM consume extra electrical power. We conclude that in this scenario, advantages attributed to ACO/PAM/Flip-OFDM vanish, as DCO-OFDM outperforms its variants in all SNR conditions, in terms of achieved throughput over a bandlimited channel as a function of extra electrical power required. For hybrid solutions, such as Asymmetrically clipped DC biased Optical OFDM (ADO-OFDM) and Hybrid ACO-OFDM (HACO-OFDM), we optimize a new adaptive power and rate splitting between odd (clipped) and even (biased/clipped) subcarriers to balance power and bandwidth efficiency.

U2 - 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2928944

DO - 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2928944

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 98319

EP - 98330

JO - IEEE Access

T2 - IEEE Access

JF - IEEE Access

SN - 2169-3536

ER -