Daylight contribution to an artificially lit football field

M. Pakkert, M.B.C. Aries, Wout J.M. van Bommel, A.L.P. Rosemann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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Sports fields all over the world have to fulfil certain requirements defined for light conditions.
Especially for the football industry these rules are very strict. Daylight has never been studied for meeting those requirements, although it has the possibility to reduce energy costs and increase visual comfort. This study investigated potential daylight contribution to a currently artificially lit sports field. As a real world example, the Philips Stadium, home of football club PSV, in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, is chosen to model, validated with on-field measurements. A model in DIALux was used to simulate a football season and focus on what the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) has required, such as illuminance levels, uniformity and glare. Results indicate that daylight always fulfils a few of the requirements, although there are only a few situations in which all are fulfilled.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLICHT 2016, 25-28 September 2016, Karlsruhe, Germany
Place of PublicationKarlsruhe
PublisherKIT Scientific Publishing
ISBN (Print)978-3-7315-0564-8
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2016
EventLICHT 2016, 25-28 September 2016, Karlsruhe, Germany: 22. Gemeinschaftstagung der Lichttechnischen Gesellschaften Deutschlands, Österreichs, der Niederlande und der Schweiz - Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Karlsruhe, Germany
Duration: 25 Sep 201628 Sep 2016


ConferenceLICHT 2016, 25-28 September 2016, Karlsruhe, Germany
Abbreviated titleLICHT 2016
Internet address


  • lighting
  • football
  • daylight
  • glare
  • visual comfort


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