Daily transactional and transformational leadership and daily employee engament

K. Breevaart, A.B. Bakker, Jorn Hetland, E. Demerouti, O.K. Olsen, R. Espevik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

266 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


This diary study adds to the leadership literature by examining the daily influence of transformational leadership, contingent reward, and active management-by-exception (MBE active) on followers' daily work engagement. We compare the unique contribution of these leadership behaviours and focus on the work environment to examine how these leadership behaviours influence followers' daily work engagement. While travelling by sail ship, 61 naval cadets filled out a diary questionnaire for 34 days. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that, after controlling for followers' work engagement the previous day, cadets were more engaged on days that their leader showed more transformational leadership and provided contingent reward. MBE active was unrelated to followers' work engagement. As predicted, transformational leadership and contingent reward contributed to a more favourable work environment (more autonomy and support), while MBE active resulted in a less favourable work environment (less autonomy) for the cadets. This study highlights the importance of daily leadership for followers' daily work engagement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-157
JournalJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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