Cyclic scenarios for steady-state operation of tokamak reactors

J. Garcia, G. Giruzzi, P. Maget, J.F. Artaud, V. Basiuk, J. Decker, G. Huysmans, F. Imbeaux, Y. Peysson, M. Schneider

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Abstract

A new concept of steady-state scenario for tokamak reactors is proposed. It is based on cyclic operations, alternating phases of positive and negative loop voltage with no magnetic flux consumption on average. Localized non-inductive current drive by electron cyclotron waves is used to trigger and sustain an internal transport barrier (ITB), whereas neutral beam current drive is used to periodically recharge the tokamak transformer. The fact of operating in cycles relaxes the hard constraint of simultaneous fusion performance maximization and full non-inductive operation, within the MHD stability limits. Integrated modelling simulations are performed to apply this concept for the ITER steady-state regime. A linear MHD analysis of the instabilities that could appear in this type of scenario is performed, showing that MHD stability would be strongly improved with respect to a steady regime with a strong ITB.
Original languageEnglish
Article number025025
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

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