Cucurbituril-mediated immobilization of fluorescent proteins on supramolecular biomaterials

O.J.G.M. Goor, R.P.G. Bosmans, L. Brunsveld, P.Y.W. Dankers (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

The reversThe reversible introduction of functionality at material surfaces is of interest for the development of functional biomaterials. In particular, the use of supramolecular immobilization strategies facilitates mild reaction and processing conditions, as compared to other covalent analogues. Here, the engineering of multicomponent supramolecular materials, beyond the use of a single supramolecular entity is proposed. Cucurbit[8]uril (Q8) mediated host–guest chemistry is combined with hydrogen bonding supramolecular 2-ureido-4-pyrimidinone (UPy)-based materials. The modular incorporation of a UPy-additive that presents one guest to incorporate into the Q8 host allows for selective supramolecular functionalization at the water–polymer material interface. Supramolecular ternary complex formation at the material surface was studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, which as a result of large overlap in atomic composition of the different components showed minor changes is surface composition upon complex formation. Surface MALDI-ToF MS measurements revealed useful insights in the formation of complexes. Protein immobilization was monitored using both fluorescence spectroscopy and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, which successfully demonstrated ternary complex formation. Although proteins could selectively be immobilized onto the surfaces, control of the system's stability remains a challenge as a result of the dynamicity of the host–guest assembly. ible introduction of functionality at material surfaces is of interest for the development of functional biomaterials. In particular, the use of supramolecular immobilization strategies facilitates mild reaction and processing conditions, as compared to other covalent analogues. Here, the engineering of multicomponent supramolecular materials, beyond the use of a single supramolecular entity is proposed. Cucurbit[8]uril (Q8) mediated host-guest chemistry is combined with hydrogen bonding supramolecular 2-ureido-4-pyrimidinone (UPy)-based materials. The modular incorporation of a UPy-additive that presents one guest to incorporate into the Q8 host allows for selective supramolecular functionalization at the water-polymer material interface. Supramolecular ternary complex formation at the material surface was studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, which as a result of large overlap in atomic composition of the different components showed minor changes is surface composition upon complex formation. Surface MALDI-ToF MS measurements revealed useful insights in the formation of complexes. Protein immobilization was monitored using both fluorescence spectroscopy and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, which successfully demonstrated ternary complex formation. Although proteins could selectively be immobilized onto the surfaces, control of the system's stability remains a challenge as a result of the dynamicity of the host-guest assembly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3607-3616
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Chemistry
  • Cucurbit[8]uril complexation
  • Host-guest chemistry
  • Materials science
  • Protein immobilization
  • Supramolecular chemistry
  • Supramolecular polymer materials
  • Surface functionalization

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