Crystallization in isotactic polypropylene melts during contraction flow : time-resolved synchrotron WAXD studies

A.G.P.U. Göschel, F.H.M. Swartjes, G.W.M. Peters, H.E.H. Meijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-resolved 2D WAXD studies have been performed on cr-nucleated isotactic polypropylene (iPP) in order to study the development of crystal growth and crystallite orientation during and subsequent to contraction melt flow at elevated temperatures in the range from 159 to 172 degrees C. Prior to flow, an annealing procedure is carried out at 230 degrees C for 90 min to erase memory effects in terms of crystal aggregates and molecular conformations. The onset of crystallization is visible at temperatures as high as 170 degrees C, which is far above the crystallization range under quiescent conditions. Depending on the applied flow rates mainly two different crystalline orientations are observed. A low flow rate gamma over dot = 9.1 s(-1) at 159 and 161 degrees C causes intensive meridional (110) and equatorial (040) reflections during flow (95-140 s) which can be described by lamellar branching via homoepitaxy. Whereas with increasing flow rate up to gamma over dot = 127.1 s(-1) the equatorial hk0 reflections become dominant, indicating a preferential orientation of crystallites with their c-axis in flow direction. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1541-1550
JournalPolymer
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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