Critical Role of Dynamic Flexibility in Ge-Containing Zeolites: Impact on Diffusion

Juan José Gutiérrez-Sevillano, Sofía Calero, Said Hamad, Ricardo Grau-Crespo, Fernando Rey, Susana Valencia, Miguel Palomino, Salvador R.G. Balestra, A. Rabdel Ruiz-Salvador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Incorporation of germanium in zeolites is well known to confer static flexibility to their framework, by stabilizing the formation of small rings. In this work, we show that the flexibility associated to Ge atoms in zeolites goes beyond this static effect, manifesting also a clear dynamic nature, in the sense that it leads to enhanced molecular diffusion. Our study combines experimental and theoretical methods providing evidence for this effect, which has not been described previously, as well as a rationalization for it, based on atomistic grounds. We have used both pure-silica and silico-germanate ITQ-29 (LTA topology) zeolites as a case study. Based on our simulations, we identify the flexibility associated to the pore breathing-like behavior induced by the Ge atoms, as the key factor leading to the enhanced diffusion observed experimentally in Ge-containing zeolites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10036-10043
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry : A European Journal
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • diffusion
  • flexibility
  • germanium
  • molecular modeling
  • zeolite


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