Critical collisional opacity in a Bose-Einstein condensate

J. Schuster, A. Marte, S. Amtage, B. Sang, G. Rempe, H.C.W. Beijerinck

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    Summary form only given. In a Bose-Einstein condensate, due to the very low temperature, the s-wave scattering length can be used as a measure for the strength of the atom-atom interaction. Under typical experimental conditions, this interaction is weak and hence can be treated in terms of a mean field. However, when scattering length is large or the density is high, the mean field approximation breaks down. In this collisional (hydrodynamic) regime, effects of the interactions such as quantum depletion or shifts in the frequencies of the elementary excitations become large. It is therefore of great interest to study condensates close to or in the collisional regime. It has been demonstrated in recent experiments that the scattering length and thus the interactions among the atoms can be tuned by means of a Feshbach resonance (Inouye et al, 1998; Courteille et al., 1998; Vuleti et al., 1999; Cornish et al., 2000). In the vicinity of Feshbach resonances, however, the increase of the cross-section for elastic collisions is accompanied by a dramatic increase of particle losses. In this paper we report on the observation of anomalous losses from a 87Rb condensate with a high column density in the absence of an inelastic scattering resonance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTechnical Digest. Summaries of papers presented at the Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference. Postconference Technical Digest
    Place of PublicationWashington, DC, USA
    PublisherOptical Society of America (OSA)
    ISBN (Print)155752663X
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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