The mechanical characteristics of new bone cements should be assessed before these cements are released on the orthopedic market in great quantities. In this study, we present the deformational response of 3 relatively new, low-curing temperature bone cements (Cemex RX, Cemex System, and Cemex Isoplastic) to a dynamic compressive force in comparison to Simplex P bone cement. For this purpose, dynamic compressive creep tests were performed on cylindrical shaped specimens at a maximal load level of 20 MPa for a period of 250,000 cycles. The results showed that Cemex System and Cemex RX produced creep rates that were higher (20% and 30%, respectively) as compared to Simplex P bone cement. The creep behavior of Cemex Isoplastic was very similar to that of Simplex P. It was concluded that although Cemex RX and Cemex System produced higher creep rates than Simplex P, these differences were not considered excessive. Hence, although other tests are required to assess the safety and efficacy of these new cements, the dynamic creep properties under compression can be considered adequate for clinical use.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|