Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine

Frank Willems, Frank Kupper, Sudarshan Ramesh, Armando Indrajuana, E. Doosje

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) combines very high thermal efficiencies with ultra-low engine out NOx and PM emissions. Moreover, it enables the use of a wide range of fuels. As this pre-mixed combustion concept relies on controlled auto-ignition, closed-loop combustion control is essential to guarantee safe and stable operation under varying operating conditions.

This work presents a coordinated air-fuel path controller for RCCI operation in a multi-cylinder heavy-duty engine. This is an essential step towards real-world application. Up to now, transient RCCI studies focused on individual cylinder control of the fuel path only. A systematic, model-based approach is followed to design a multivariable RCCI controller. Using the Frequency Response Function (FRF) method, linear models are identified for the air path and for the combustion process in the individual cylinders. From timing and blend ratio (BR) sweeps, it is decided to realize the high-level control objectives by controlling CA50, IMEP, BR and λ. Based on the identified models, a static decoupling is designed for the combined air-fuel system. For the decoupled system, a PI air path controller and
three next cycle PI fuel path controllers are designed. The potential of the proposed control strategy is demonstrated on a six cylinder test set-up, which is equipped with the standard direct injection system for diesel and with an
added port fuel injection system for E85. For engine speed and load steps, the RCCI controller is shown to have good tracking performance during transients. Compared to the open-loop control case, this controller is found to enhance
combustion stability and to reduce THC and CO emissions.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019)
PublisherSociety of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
Number of pages11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2019
EventSAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2019 - Cobo Hall, Detroit, United States
Duration: 9 Apr 201911 Apr 2019
https://www.sae.org/attend/wcx/

Publication series

NameSAE Technical Paper
Volume2019-01-1175

Conference

ConferenceSAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2019
Abbreviated titleWCX2019
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit
Period9/04/1911/04/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Ignition
Engine cylinders
Engines
Controllers
Air
Fuel systems
Level control
Fuel injection
Direct injection
Frequency response

Bibliographical note

SAE paper 2019-01-1175

Cite this

Willems, F., Kupper, F., Ramesh, S., Indrajuana, A., & Doosje, E. (2019). Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine. In SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019) [2019-01-1175] (SAE Technical Paper; Vol. 2019-01-1175). Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). DOI: 10.4271/2019-01-1175
Willems, Frank ; Kupper, Frank ; Ramesh, Sudarshan ; Indrajuana, Armando ; Doosje, E./ Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine. SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019). Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 2019. (SAE Technical Paper).
@inproceedings{8d921fb50b204fc287a20a371eac7cff,
title = "Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine",
abstract = "Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) combines very high thermal efficiencies with ultra-low engine out NOx and PM emissions. Moreover, it enables the use of a wide range of fuels. As this pre-mixed combustion concept relies on controlled auto-ignition, closed-loop combustion control is essential to guarantee safe and stable operation under varying operating conditions.This work presents a coordinated air-fuel path controller for RCCI operation in a multi-cylinder heavy-duty engine. This is an essential step towards real-world application. Up to now, transient RCCI studies focused on individual cylinder control of the fuel path only. A systematic, model-based approach is followed to design a multivariable RCCI controller. Using the Frequency Response Function (FRF) method, linear models are identified for the air path and for the combustion process in the individual cylinders. From timing and blend ratio (BR) sweeps, it is decided to realize the high-level control objectives by controlling CA50, IMEP, BR and λ. Based on the identified models, a static decoupling is designed for the combined air-fuel system. For the decoupled system, a PI air path controller andthree next cycle PI fuel path controllers are designed. The potential of the proposed control strategy is demonstrated on a six cylinder test set-up, which is equipped with the standard direct injection system for diesel and with anadded port fuel injection system for E85. For engine speed and load steps, the RCCI controller is shown to have good tracking performance during transients. Compared to the open-loop control case, this controller is found to enhancecombustion stability and to reduce THC and CO emissions.",
author = "Frank Willems and Frank Kupper and Sudarshan Ramesh and Armando Indrajuana and E. Doosje",
note = "SAE paper 2019-01-1175",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "2",
doi = "10.4271/2019-01-1175",
language = "English",
series = "SAE Technical Paper",
publisher = "Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)",
booktitle = "SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019)",
address = "United States",

}

Willems, F, Kupper, F, Ramesh, S, Indrajuana, A & Doosje, E 2019, Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine. in SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019)., 2019-01-1175, SAE Technical Paper, vol. 2019-01-1175, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), SAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2019, Detroit, United States, 9/04/19. DOI: 10.4271/2019-01-1175

Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine. / Willems, Frank; Kupper, Frank; Ramesh, Sudarshan; Indrajuana, Armando; Doosje, E.

SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019). Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 2019. 2019-01-1175 (SAE Technical Paper; Vol. 2019-01-1175).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine

AU - Willems,Frank

AU - Kupper,Frank

AU - Ramesh,Sudarshan

AU - Indrajuana,Armando

AU - Doosje,E.

N1 - SAE paper 2019-01-1175

PY - 2019/4/2

Y1 - 2019/4/2

N2 - Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) combines very high thermal efficiencies with ultra-low engine out NOx and PM emissions. Moreover, it enables the use of a wide range of fuels. As this pre-mixed combustion concept relies on controlled auto-ignition, closed-loop combustion control is essential to guarantee safe and stable operation under varying operating conditions.This work presents a coordinated air-fuel path controller for RCCI operation in a multi-cylinder heavy-duty engine. This is an essential step towards real-world application. Up to now, transient RCCI studies focused on individual cylinder control of the fuel path only. A systematic, model-based approach is followed to design a multivariable RCCI controller. Using the Frequency Response Function (FRF) method, linear models are identified for the air path and for the combustion process in the individual cylinders. From timing and blend ratio (BR) sweeps, it is decided to realize the high-level control objectives by controlling CA50, IMEP, BR and λ. Based on the identified models, a static decoupling is designed for the combined air-fuel system. For the decoupled system, a PI air path controller andthree next cycle PI fuel path controllers are designed. The potential of the proposed control strategy is demonstrated on a six cylinder test set-up, which is equipped with the standard direct injection system for diesel and with anadded port fuel injection system for E85. For engine speed and load steps, the RCCI controller is shown to have good tracking performance during transients. Compared to the open-loop control case, this controller is found to enhancecombustion stability and to reduce THC and CO emissions.

AB - Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) combines very high thermal efficiencies with ultra-low engine out NOx and PM emissions. Moreover, it enables the use of a wide range of fuels. As this pre-mixed combustion concept relies on controlled auto-ignition, closed-loop combustion control is essential to guarantee safe and stable operation under varying operating conditions.This work presents a coordinated air-fuel path controller for RCCI operation in a multi-cylinder heavy-duty engine. This is an essential step towards real-world application. Up to now, transient RCCI studies focused on individual cylinder control of the fuel path only. A systematic, model-based approach is followed to design a multivariable RCCI controller. Using the Frequency Response Function (FRF) method, linear models are identified for the air path and for the combustion process in the individual cylinders. From timing and blend ratio (BR) sweeps, it is decided to realize the high-level control objectives by controlling CA50, IMEP, BR and λ. Based on the identified models, a static decoupling is designed for the combined air-fuel system. For the decoupled system, a PI air path controller andthree next cycle PI fuel path controllers are designed. The potential of the proposed control strategy is demonstrated on a six cylinder test set-up, which is equipped with the standard direct injection system for diesel and with anadded port fuel injection system for E85. For engine speed and load steps, the RCCI controller is shown to have good tracking performance during transients. Compared to the open-loop control case, this controller is found to enhancecombustion stability and to reduce THC and CO emissions.

U2 - 10.4271/2019-01-1175

DO - 10.4271/2019-01-1175

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - SAE Technical Paper

BT - SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019)

PB - Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

ER -

Willems F, Kupper F, Ramesh S, Indrajuana A, Doosje E. Coordinated air-fuel path control in a diesel-E85 RCCI engine. In SAE World Congress Experience (WCX 2019). Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 2019. 2019-01-1175. (SAE Technical Paper). Available from, DOI: 10.4271/2019-01-1175