Controlling skyrmion bubble confinement by dipolar interactions

Fanny C. Ummelen, Tom Lichtenberg (Corresponding author), Henk J.M. Swagten, Bert Koopmans

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Large skyrmion bubbles in confined geometries of various sizes and shapes are investigated, typically in the range of several micrometers. Two fundamentally different cases are studied to address the role of dipole-dipole interactions: (I) when there is no magnetic material present outside the small geometries and (II) when the geometries are embedded in films with a uniform magnetization. It is found that the preferential position of the skyrmion bubbles can be controlled by the geometrical shape, which turns out to be a stronger influence than local variations in material parameters. In addition, independent switching of the direction of the magnetization outside the small geometries can be used to further manipulate these preferential positions, in particular with respect to the edges. We show by numerical calculations that the observed interactions between the skyrmion bubbles and structure edge, including the overall positioning of the bubbles, can be explained by considering only dipole-dipole interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102402
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2019


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