Controlled stereochemistry of polyamides derived from cis/trans-1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid

B. Vanhaecht, M.N. Teerenstra, D.R. Suwier, R. Willem, M. Biesemans, C.E. Koning

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Abstract

A series of copolyamides 12.y was synthesized either with y = 6, or 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (1,4-CHDA) residue, or a mixt. of both. The influence of the synthetic route of 1,4-CHDA-contg. polyamides on the obtained cis-trans ratio of the incorporated 1,4-CHDA was investigated. The use of acid chlorides provided a synthetic route with full control of the cis-trans ratio of the 1,4-CHDA residue during synthesis, whereas synthesis at elevated pressure and temp. caused isomerization. The content and cis-trans ratio of 1,4-CHDA in the copolyamides were detd. by soln. 13C NMR spectroscopy. Increasing the degree of partial substitution of the adipic acid by 1,4-CHDA resulted in an increase in Tm, even for low molar percentages of 1,4-CHDA. This phenomenon points to isomorphous crystn. of both the 12.6 and 12.CHDA repeating units. The m.ps. of the synthesized polyamides were independent of the initial cis-trans ratio of 1,4-CHDA, provided that the samples were annealed at 300 Deg before DSC anal. The polyamides exhibited a different melting pattern depending on the 1,4-CHDA content. At a low 1,4-CHDA content a net exothermic recrystn. occurred during melting, whereas at higher contents of 1,4-CHDA this recrystn. occurs to a lesser extent, and 2 sep. melting areas are obsd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-840
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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