Contextual diffusion image post-processing aids clinical applications

V. Prckovska, M. Andorrà, P. Villoslada, E. Martinez-Heras, R. Duits, D. Fortin, P. Rodrigues, M. Descoteaux

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Abstract

Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging ( dMRI) and tractography have shown great potential for the investigation of the white mater architecture in-vivo, especially with the recent advancements by using higher order techniques to model the data. Many clinical applications ranging from neurodegenerative disorders, psychiatric disorders as well as pre-surgical planning employ diffusion imaging-based analysis as an addition to conventional MRI imaging. However, despite the promising outlook, dMRI tractography confronts many challenges that complicate its use in everyday clinical practice. Some of these challenges are low test-retest accuracy, poor quantification of tracts size, poor understanding of the biological basis of the dMRI parameters, inaccuracies in the geometry of the reconstructed streamlines (especially in complex areas with curvature, bifurcations, fanning, crossings), poor alignment with the neighboring diffusion profiles, among others. Recently developed contextual processing techniques including the one presented in this work, for enhancement and well-posed geometric sharpening, have shown to result in sharper and better aligned diffusion profiles. In this paper, we present a possibility in enabling HARDI tractography on the data acquired under limited diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) conditions and modeled by DTI. We enhance local features from the DTI field using operators that take ‘context’ information into account. Moreover, we demonstrate the potential of the contextual processing techniques in two important clinical applications: enhancing the streamlines in data acquired from patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and pre-surgical planning for tumor resection. For the latter, we explore the possibilities of using this framework for more accurate neurosurgical planning and evaluate our findings with a feedback from a neurosurgeon.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVisualization and Processing of Higher Order Descriptors for Multi-Valued Data
EditorsI. Hotz, T. Schultz
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages353-377
Number of pages383
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-15089-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameMathematics and Visualization

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Prckovska, V., Andorrà, M., Villoslada, P., Martinez-Heras, E., Duits, R., Fortin, D., ... Descoteaux, M. (2015). Contextual diffusion image post-processing aids clinical applications. In I. Hotz, & T. Schultz (Eds.), Visualization and Processing of Higher Order Descriptors for Multi-Valued Data (pp. 353-377). (Mathematics and Visualization). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15090-1_18