Constitutive framework for rheologically complex interfaces with an application to elastoviscoplasticity

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A framework is presented for the formulation of a class of continuum constitutive models for sharp interfaces with non-linear viscoelastic behaviour due to a considerable isotropic interfacial microstructure. For the formulation of a thermodynamically consistent elastoviscoplastic interface constitutive model we adapt an approach successful in describing the behaviour of bulk polymer glasses. The model has a clear separation between dilatation and shear, and is used to predict phenomena related to the plasticity of interfaces observed in the experimental literature, which is relevant for many applications. Stress–strain predictions in standard interfacial rheological flows, i.e. shear and dilatation, are investigated numerically. A predominantly elastic response is obtained at small deformations, with a transition to primarily plastic flow at high stress levels. In interfacial shear flow, strain softening and eventually a plastic plateau occur upon further deformation beyond the yield point. The yield stress and strain and (the relative strength of) the stress overshoot in interfacial shear flow are shown to be controlled by two dimensionless groups of parameters in the model. In interfacial dilatation, the model predicts elastoviscoplastic behaviour with a stress maximum and a decreasing stress without a plateau at even larger deformations. These phenomena are studied for various choices for the parameters in the model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104726
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Constitutive modelling
  • Elastoviscoplasticity
  • Interfacial rheology
  • Non-linear viscoelasticity
  • Numerical calculations
  • Yield stress materials


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