This paper discusses some historical and technical events, particularly in USA and Europe, over the last few years, that are aimed at modernizing the electric power grid. The paper also looks at possible impacts on transmission operation and planning as the system moves from a centralized to a decentralized generation and control strategies. The US federal government has ratified the "smart grid initiative" as the official policy for modernizing the electricity grid including unprecedented provisions for timely information and control options to consumers and deployment of "smart" technologies. European countries are unified in researching and developing related technologies through various structures supported by the European Union. The developments and expected evolutions of grid technologies and how they might impact transmission planning and society in the near future are considered. The integration of these new technologies requires a new strategy in the way the transmission power systems can be planned and operated to maintain and improve its reliability. Additional tools and models are necessary to properly cope with the new developments taking place at the distributed systems level.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 12th Symposium of Specialists in Electrical Operation and Expansion Planning (SEPOPE II), 20-23 May 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil|
|Place of Publication||Rio de Janeiro, Brasil|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|