Consequences of Vibrational Strong Coupling on Supramolecular Polymerization of Porphyrins

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Supramolecular polymers display interesting optoelectronic properties and, thus, deploy multiple applications based on their molecular arrangement. However, controlling supramolecular interactions to achieve a desirable molecular organization is not straightforward. Over the past decade, light-matter strong coupling has emerged as a new tool for modifying chemical and material properties. This novel approach has also been shown to alter the morphology of supramolecular organization by coupling the vibrational bands of solute and solvent to the optical modes of a Fabry-Perot cavity (vibrational strong coupling, VSC). Here, we study the effect of VSC on the supramolecular polymerization of chiral zinc-porphyrins (S-Zn) via a cooperative effect. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) measurements indicate that the elongation temperature (Te) of the supramolecular polymerization is lowered by ∼10 °C under VSC. We have also generalized this effect by exploring other supramolecular systems under strong coupling conditions. The results indicate that the solute-solvent interactions are modified under VSC, which destabilizes the nuclei of the supramolecular polymer at higher temperatures. These findings demonstrate that the VSC can indeed be used as a tool to control the energy landscape of supramolecular polymerization. Furthermore, we use this unique approach to switch between the states formed under ON- and OFF-resonance conditions, achieved by simply tuning the optical cavity in and out of resonance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12130–12137
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number17
Early online date20 Apr 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2024


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