Conclusive evidence of abrupt coagulation inside the void during cyclic nanoparticle formation in reactive plasma

F.M.J.H. van de Wetering, S. Nijdam, J. Beckers

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7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

In this letter, we present scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results that confirm in a direct way our earlier explanation of an abrupt coagulation event as the cause for the void hiccup. In a recent paper, we reported on the fast and interrupted expansion of voids in a reactive dusty argon–acetylene plasma. The voids appeared one after the other, each showing a peculiar, though reproducible, behavior of successive periods of fast expansion, abrupt contraction, and continued expansion. The abrupt contraction was termed “hiccup” and was related to collective coagulation of a new generation of nanoparticles growing in the void using relatively indirect methods: electron density measurements and optical emission spectroscopy. In this letter, we present conclusive evidence using SEM of particles collected at different moments in time spanning several growth cycles, which enables us to follow the nanoparticle formation process in great detail.
Original languageEnglish
Article number043105
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Nanoparticles
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Plasma expansion
  • Dusty plasmas
  • Cluster reactivity

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