Computational strategies for a system-level understanding of metabolism

Paolo Cazzaniga, Chiara Damiani, Daniela Besozzi, Riccardo Colombo, Marco Nobile, Daniela Gaglio, Dario Pescini, Sara Molinari, Giancarlo Mauri, Lilia Alberghina, Marco Vanoni

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35 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Cell metabolism is the biochemical machinery that provides energy and building blocks to sustain life. Understanding its fine regulation is of pivotal relevance in several fields, from metabolic engineering applications to the treatment of metabolic disorders and cancer. Sophisticated computational approaches are needed to unravel the complexity of metabolism. To this aim, a plethora of methods have been developed, yet it is generally hard to identify which computational strategy is most suited for the investigation of a specific aspect of metabolism. This review provides an up-to-date description of the computational methods available for the analysis of metabolic pathways, discussing their main advantages and drawbacks. In particular, attention is devoted to the identification of the appropriate scale and level of accuracy in the reconstruction of metabolic networks, and to the inference of model structure and parameters, especially when dealing with a shortage of experimental measurements. The choice of the proper computational methods to derive in silico data is then addressed, including topological analyses, constraint-based modeling and simulation of the system dynamics. A description of some computational approaches to gain new biological knowledge or to formulate hypotheses is finally provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1087
JournalMetabolites
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

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    Cazzaniga, P., Damiani, C., Besozzi, D., Colombo, R., Nobile, M., Gaglio, D., Pescini, D., Molinari, S., Mauri, G., Alberghina, L., & Vanoni, M. (2014). Computational strategies for a system-level understanding of metabolism. Metabolites, 4(4), 1034-1087. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo4041034