Computational modeling for cardiovascular tissue engineering: the importance of including cell behavior in growth and remodeling algorithms

Sandra Loerakker (Corresponding author), Tommaso Ristori

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Abstract

Understanding cardiovascular growth and remodeling (G&R) is fundamental for designing robust cardiovascular tissue engineering strategies, which enable synthetic or biological scaffolds to transform into healthy living tissues after implantation. Computational modeling, particularly when integrated with experimental research, is key for advancing our understanding, predicting the in vivo evolution of engineered tissues, and efficiently optimizing scaffold designs. As cells are ultimately the drivers of G&R and known to change their behavior in response to mechanical cues, increasing efforts are currently undertaken to capture (mechano-mediated) cell behavior in computational models. In this selective review, we highlight some recent examples that are relevant in the context of cardiovascular tissue engineering and discuss the current and future biological and computational challenges for modeling cell-mediated G&R.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biomedical Engineering
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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Keywords

  • Cell signaling
  • Computational modeling
  • Cytoskeletal remodeling
  • Growth and remodeling
  • Migration
  • Tissue engineering

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