Computational human body models

J.S.H.M. Wismans, R. Happee, J.A.W. Dommelen, van

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Computational human body models are widely used for automotive crash-safety research and design and as such have significantly contributed to a reduction of traffic injuries and fatalities. Currently crash simulations are mainly performed using models based on crash-dummies. However crash dummies differ significantly from the real human body and moreover crash dummies are only available for a limited set of body sizes. Models of the real human body offer some promising advantages including the prediction of injury mechanisms and injury criteria. In this paper, a review will be given of a number of developments in the field of occupant crash simulations in the past 40 years. Topics presented include history of occupant crash simulation codes, human body geometry, human body material modelling and model quality rating. A discussion on foreseen future developments in this field will conclude this paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics : from Fundamental Insights to Applications
EditorsM.D. Gilchrist
Place of PublicationDordrecht
PublisherSpringer
Pages417-429
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4020-3796-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-4020-3795-5
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventIUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications, July 11-15, 2005, Dublin, Ireland - University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 11 Jul 200515 Jul 2005

Publication series

NameSolid Mechanics and Its Applications
PublisherSpringer
Volume124
ISSN (Print)0925-0042

Conference

ConferenceIUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications, July 11-15, 2005, Dublin, Ireland
CountryIreland
CityDublin
Period11/07/0515/07/05

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  • Cite this

    Wismans, J. S. H. M., Happee, R., & Dommelen, van, J. A. W. (2005). Computational human body models. In M. D. Gilchrist (Ed.), IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics : from Fundamental Insights to Applications (pp. 417-429). (Solid Mechanics and Its Applications; Vol. 124). Dordrecht: Springer.