Computational analysis of the evolution of the brittle-to-ductile transition of tungsten under fusion conditions

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Abstract

Tungsten components inside fusion reactors are subjected to extreme conditions, including an exceptionally high heat flux. This loading induces high stress levels, that may lead to brittle fracture. The current work aims to provide novel insights by relating the risk for brittle fracture to the tungsten microstructure and loadings conditions. To this end, a crystal plasticity framework is adopted with a temperature dependent slip resistance. The required parameters are obtained from experimental data in the literature. The risk for brittle fracture is assessed by means of Beremin's weakest-link theory. The brittle-to-ductile transition temperature (BDTT) found in literature can be accurately described with the presented framework. The simulation results reveal that the BDTT decreases linearly with the volume fraction of recrystallized grains in the microstructure. It is also shown that a sharp interface between rolled and recrystallized microscopic grains is more favourable in terms of risk for brittle fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015005
Number of pages24
JournalModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Brittle-to-ductile transition
  • Crystal plasticity
  • Tungsten
  • Weakest-link theory

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