Competition between hydrogen evolution and carbon dioxide reduction on copper electrodes in mildly acidic media

Hideshi Ooka, Marta C. Figueiredo, Marc T.M. Koper (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Understanding the competition between hydrogen evolution and CO2 reduction is of fundamental importance to increase the faradaic efficiency for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction in aqueous electrolytes. Here, by using a copper rotating disc electrode, we find that the major hydrogen evolution pathway competing with CO2 reduction is water reduction, even in a relatively acidic electrolyte (pH 2.5). The mass-transport-limited reduction of protons takes place at potentials for which there is no significant competition with CO2 reduction. This selective inhibitory effect of CO2 on water reduction, as well as the difference in onset potential even after correction for local pH changes, highlights the importance of differentiating between water reduction and proton reduction pathways for hydrogen evolution. In-situ FTIR spectroscopy indicates that the adsorbed CO formed during CO2 reduction is the primary intermediate responsible for inhibiting the water reduction process, which may be one of the main mechanisms by which copper maintains a high faradaic efficiency for CO2 reduction in neutral media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9307-9313
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume33
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Competition between hydrogen evolution and carbon dioxide reduction on copper electrodes in mildly acidic media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this