Color Doppler used to detect kinking and intravascular lesions in the iliac arteries in endurance athletes with claudication

G. Schep, M.H.M. Bender, S.L. Schmikli, P. Wijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In endurance athletes, flow limitations in the iliac arteries are commonly ascribed to mechanically induced intravascular lesions (endofibrosis). We hypothesize that kinking of the vessels, occurring during exercise, can also cause such flow limitations. Conventional diagnostic tests fail to demonstrate such kinking. Methods: In the current study, the iliac arteries were examined in 50 endurance athletes suffering from flow limitations in the iliac arteries with color Doppler using provocative maneuvers of hip flexion, isometric psoas contraction and exercise. Five had both-sided complaints resulting in 55 symptomatic legs and 45 asymptomatic legs. Sixteen national level competitive cyclists served as control subjects resulting in 32 healthy reference legs. Results: The iliac arteries could be visualized accurately in 127/132 (96%) of the legs. The legs with insufficient image quality were not scored in the further analysis. In the external iliac artery, kinks were detected in 21/54 symptomatic legs (39%) compared to none in 28 reference legs. Intravascular lesions could be detected in 33/54 symptomatic legs (61%) compared to only 1/28 reference legs (4%). In the symptomatic legs Doppler measurements showed significantly higher peak systolic velocities in all test conditions compared to the reference legs (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-140
JournalEuropean Journal of Ultrasound
Volume14
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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