Collision-avoidance characteristics of grasping : early signs in hand and arm kinematics

J. Lommertzen, E. Costa e Silva, R.H. Cuijpers, R.G.J. Meulenbroek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Grasping an object successfully implies avoiding colliding into it before the hand is closed around the object. The present study focuses on prehension kinematics that typically reflect collision-avoidance characteristics of grasping movements. Twelve participants repeatedly grasped vertically-oriented cylinders of various heights, starting from two starting positions and performing the task at two different speeds. Movements of trunk, arm and hand were recorded by means of a 3D motion-tracking system. The results show that cylinder-height moderated the approach phase as expected: small cylinders induced grasps from above whereas large cylinders elicited grasps from the side. The collision-avoidance constraint proved not only to be accommodated by aperture overshoots but its effects already showed up early on as differential adaptations of the distal upper limb parameters. We discuss some implications of the present analysis of grasping movements for designing anthropomorphic robots.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems
EditorsM.V. Butz G. Pezzulo, O. Sigaud
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages188-208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Eventconference; ABiALS 2008 -
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume5499
ISSN (Print)0302-9743

Conference

Conferenceconference; ABiALS 2008
Period1/01/09 → …
OtherABiALS 2008

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