Coexistence Analysis of Co-Located BLE and IEEE 802.15.4 TSCH Networks

Hamideh Hajizadeh (Corresponding author), Majid Nabi, M.G.J. Vermeulen, Kees G.W. Goossens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and IEEE 802.15.4 Time-Slotted Channel Hopping (TSCH) are widely used low-power standard technologies developed for short-range communications in the internet-of-things. In many applications, BLE and TSCH networks may be deployed in the vicinity of one another, which may lead to Cross Technology Interference (CTI) influencing each other's performance. Both technologies utilize channel hopping to alleviate the impact of external interferences. However, having a model to quantitatively estimate the performance of coexisting TSCH and BLE networks and analyze the role of networks' configuration settings is still an open problem. To address this, we provide a probabilistic analysis of collision-free communication of coexisting BLE and TSCH networks. Moreover, a fast coexistence simulation model is developed that computes the ratio of collision-free transmissions. This model is used to investigate how the performance of the coexisting networks may deviate from the results of the probabilistic analysis. It gives the designers a proper estimation of the worst case performance degradation due to such coexistence. It is shown that severity of the impact of coexisting BLE-TSCH networks on one another depends on the setup configurations and the relative timing of the two networks. The results show that these two technologies can coexist well with collision-free ratios of more than 92.58% and 96.29% in the tested configurations for TSCH and BLE, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9422827
Pages (from-to)17360-17372
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • BLE
  • IEEE 802.15.4
  • IoT
  • TSCH
  • coexistence
  • simulation model


Dive into the research topics of 'Coexistence Analysis of Co-Located BLE and IEEE 802.15.4 TSCH Networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this