Co-location specification for IoT-aware collaborative business processes

Paul Grefen, N. Brouns, Heiko Ludwig, E. Serral Asensio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Technologies from the Internet of Things (IoT) create new possibilities to directly connect physical processes in the ‘real’ world to digital business processes in the administrative world. Objects manipulated in the real world (the ‘things’ of IoT) can directly provide data to digital processes, and these processes can directly influence the behavior of the objects. An increasing body of work exists on specifying and executing the interface between the physical and the digital worlds for individual objects. But many real-life business scenarios require that the handling of multiple physical objects is synchronized by digital processes. An example is the cross-docking of sea containers at ports: here we have containers, ships, cranes and trucks that are all ‘things’ in the IoT sense. Cross-docking processes only work when these ‘things’ are properly co-located in time and space. Therefore, we propose an approach to specify this co-location in multi-actor, IoT-aware business process models, based on the concept of spheres. We discuss consistency checking between co-location spheres and illustrate our approach with container cross-docking processes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformation Systems Engineering in Responsible Information Systems. CAiSE 2019.
EditorsMarcela Ruiz, Cinzia Cappiello
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-21297-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-21296-4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event31st International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering -
Duration: 3 Jun 2019 → …

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Business Information Processing
ISSN (Print)1865-1348
ISSN (Electronic)1865-1356


Conference31st International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering
Abbreviated titleCAiSE 2019
Period3/06/19 → …


  • Internet of Things
  • Co-location
  • Time specification
  • Location specification
  • business process
  • Business process


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