Co-designing community-level integral interventions for active ageing: a systematic review from the lens of community-based participatory research

Gubing Wang (Corresponding author), Fangyuan Chang (Corresponding author), Zhenyu Gu, Dena Kasraian, Pieter J.V. van Wesemael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Downloads (Pure)


BACKGROUND: While community-level interventions for promoting active ageing have received increasing attention and there is a trend to leverage technology to support traditional physical or social interventions, little hands-on guidance exists for designing these integral interventions. This study aimed to examine the interventions reported in the literature guided by Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) principles. The goal is to extract insights that inform future practices in co-designing integral interventions for active ageing.

METHODS: The systematic review focused on community-level interventions promoting active ageing that integrated physical, social, and digital elements, i.e., integral interventions. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. The included interventions were analysed abductively based on the CBPR principles.

RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were included, and 24 design considerations were generated under eight categories. Further reflection identified the interrelated nature of these design considerations and pinpointed the gaps in current research. This study highlights the urgency and importance of sharing recruitment methods and resource allocation details, recording and reporting collaboration specifics, and disseminating findings to stakeholders beyond academia.

CONCLUSIONS: This study offers valuable insights and practical guidance to researchers and practitioners developing community-level integral interventions for active ageing. The findings also serve as a starting point for accumulating knowledge and practice in co-designing integral interventions for active ageing at the community level. The next crucial phase involves evaluating these design considerations within real-world cases to assess their applicability and identify potential areas for improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number649
Number of pages17
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024


This research was funded by Tilburg University. GW is an Assistant Professor at Tilburg University. Apart from GW, no other staff at Tilburg University contributed to the study design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.

FundersFunder number
Tilburg University


    • Active ageing
    • Behaviour change
    • CBPR principles
    • Co-design
    • Community-based interventions
    • Design considerations
    • Elderly
    • Older adults
    • Participatory design
    • Systematic review


    Dive into the research topics of 'Co-designing community-level integral interventions for active ageing: a systematic review from the lens of community-based participatory research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this