Clusters of terminal groups in ZSM-5 : a study performed by silylation and 29Si CP MAS NMR

B. Kraushaar, L.J.M. Ven, van de, J.W. Haan, de, J.H.C. Hooff, van

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Abstract

Silylation with trimethylchlorosilane and subsequent analyses of the products by 29Si CP MAS NMR is an appropriate method for the characterization of terminal groups in ZSM-5. It can be shown that the terminal groups are clustered and belong to gaps of missing T-atoms (Si or Al). These gaps are part of regularly 4-membered and larger rings in the lattice of ZSM-5. During prolonged heat treatment of ZSM-5 the amount of internal terminal groups decreases. We propose a T-jump mechanism of the gaps resulting in a migration of the terminal groups towards the external surface of the zeolite particles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovation in zeolite materials science : proceedings of an international symposium, Nieuwpoort (Belgium), September 13-17, 1987
EditorsP.J. Grobet, W.J. Mortier, E.F. Vansant, G. Schulz-Ekloff
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherElsevier
Pages167-174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Publication series

NameStudies in Surface Science and Catalysis
Volume37
ISSN (Print)0167-2991

Fingerprint

Zeolites
Heat treatment
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Atoms
trimethylchlorosilane

Cite this

Kraushaar, B., Ven, van de, L. J. M., Haan, de, J. W., & Hooff, van, J. H. C. (1988). Clusters of terminal groups in ZSM-5 : a study performed by silylation and 29Si CP MAS NMR. In P. J. Grobet, W. J. Mortier, E. F. Vansant, & G. Schulz-Ekloff (Eds.), Innovation in zeolite materials science : proceedings of an international symposium, Nieuwpoort (Belgium), September 13-17, 1987 (pp. 167-174). (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis; Vol. 37). Amsterdam: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2991(09)60593-0, https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(73)90315-4
Kraushaar, B. ; Ven, van de, L.J.M. ; Haan, de, J.W. ; Hooff, van, J.H.C. / Clusters of terminal groups in ZSM-5 : a study performed by silylation and 29Si CP MAS NMR. Innovation in zeolite materials science : proceedings of an international symposium, Nieuwpoort (Belgium), September 13-17, 1987. editor / P.J. Grobet ; W.J. Mortier ; E.F. Vansant ; G. Schulz-Ekloff. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1988. pp. 167-174 (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis).
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abstract = "Silylation with trimethylchlorosilane and subsequent analyses of the products by 29Si CP MAS NMR is an appropriate method for the characterization of terminal groups in ZSM-5. It can be shown that the terminal groups are clustered and belong to gaps of missing T-atoms (Si or Al). These gaps are part of regularly 4-membered and larger rings in the lattice of ZSM-5. During prolonged heat treatment of ZSM-5 the amount of internal terminal groups decreases. We propose a T-jump mechanism of the gaps resulting in a migration of the terminal groups towards the external surface of the zeolite particles.",
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Kraushaar, B, Ven, van de, LJM, Haan, de, JW & Hooff, van, JHC 1988, Clusters of terminal groups in ZSM-5 : a study performed by silylation and 29Si CP MAS NMR. in PJ Grobet, WJ Mortier, EF Vansant & G Schulz-Ekloff (eds), Innovation in zeolite materials science : proceedings of an international symposium, Nieuwpoort (Belgium), September 13-17, 1987. Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol. 37, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 167-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2991(09)60593-0, https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(73)90315-4

Clusters of terminal groups in ZSM-5 : a study performed by silylation and 29Si CP MAS NMR. / Kraushaar, B.; Ven, van de, L.J.M.; Haan, de, J.W.; Hooff, van, J.H.C.

Innovation in zeolite materials science : proceedings of an international symposium, Nieuwpoort (Belgium), September 13-17, 1987. ed. / P.J. Grobet; W.J. Mortier; E.F. Vansant; G. Schulz-Ekloff. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1988. p. 167-174 (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis; Vol. 37).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Silylation with trimethylchlorosilane and subsequent analyses of the products by 29Si CP MAS NMR is an appropriate method for the characterization of terminal groups in ZSM-5. It can be shown that the terminal groups are clustered and belong to gaps of missing T-atoms (Si or Al). These gaps are part of regularly 4-membered and larger rings in the lattice of ZSM-5. During prolonged heat treatment of ZSM-5 the amount of internal terminal groups decreases. We propose a T-jump mechanism of the gaps resulting in a migration of the terminal groups towards the external surface of the zeolite particles.

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Kraushaar B, Ven, van de LJM, Haan, de JW, Hooff, van JHC. Clusters of terminal groups in ZSM-5 : a study performed by silylation and 29Si CP MAS NMR. In Grobet PJ, Mortier WJ, Vansant EF, Schulz-Ekloff G, editors, Innovation in zeolite materials science : proceedings of an international symposium, Nieuwpoort (Belgium), September 13-17, 1987. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1988. p. 167-174. (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2991(09)60593-0, https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(73)90315-4