Clinical validation of a computerized algorithm to determine mean systemic filling pressure

Loek P.B. Meijs (Corresponding author), Joris van Houte, Bente C.M. Conjaerts, Alexander J.G.H. Bindels, Arthur Bouwman, Saskia Houterman, Jan Bakker

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Mean systemic filling pressure (Pms) is a promising parameter in determining intravascular fluid status. Pms derived from venous return curves during inspiratory holds with incremental airway pressures (Pms-Insp) estimates Pms reliably but is labor-intensive. A computerized algorithm to calculate Pms (Pmsa) at the bedside has been proposed. In previous studies Pmsa and Pms-Insp correlated well but with considerable bias. This observational study was performed to validate Pmsa with Pms-Insp in cardiac surgery patients. Cardiac output, right atrial pressure and mean arterial pressure were prospectively recorded to calculate Pmsa using a bedside monitor. Pms-Insp was calculated offline after performing inspiratory holds. Intraclass-correlation coefficient (ICC) and assessment of agreement were used to compare Pmsa with Pms-Insp. Bias, coefficient of variance (COV), precision and limits of agreement (LOA) were calculated. Proportional bias was assessed with linear regression. A high degree of inter-method reliability was found between Pmsa and Pms-Insp (ICC 0.89; 95%CI 0.72-0.96, p = 0.01) in 18 patients. Pmsa and Pms-Insp differed not significantly (11.9 mmHg, IQR 9.8-13.4 vs. 12.7 mmHg, IQR 10.5-14.4, p = 0.38). Bias was -0.502 ± 1.90 mmHg (p = 0.277). COV was 4% with LOA -4.22 - 3.22 mmHg without proportional bias. Conversion coefficient Pmsa ➔ Pms-Insp was 0.94. This assessment of agreement demonstrates that the measures Pms-Insp and the computerized Pmsa-algorithm are interchangeable (bias -0.502 ± 1.90 mmHg with conversion coefficient 0.94). The choice of Pmsa is straightforward, it is non-interventional and available continuously at the bedside in contrast to Pms-Insp which is interventional and calculated off-line. Further studies should be performed to determine the place of Pmsa in the circulatory management of critically ill patients. ( ; TRN NCT04202432, release date 16-12-2019; retrospectively registered).Clinical Trial Registration , TRN: NCT04202432, initial release date 16-12-2019 (retrospectively registered).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Issue number1
Early online date31 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Cardiac output
  • Inspiratory hold
  • Mean systemic filling pressure
  • Right atrial pressure
  • Venous return


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