Clinical integration of software tool VEDO for adaptive and quantitative application of phased array hyperthermia in the head and neck

Zef Rijnen, Jurriaan F. Bakker, Richard A.M. Canters, Paolo Togni, Gerda M. Verduijn, Peter C. Levendag, Gerard C. van Rhoon, Margarethus M. Paulides

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Rotterdam, patient-specific hyperthermia (HT) treatment planning (HTP) is applied for all deep head and neck (H&N) HT treatments. In this paper we introduce VEDO (the Visualisation Tool for Electromagnetic Dosimetry and Optimisation), the software tool required, and demonstrate its value for HTP-guided online complaint-adaptive (CA) steering based on specific absorption rate (SAR) optimisation during a H&N HT treatment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: VEDO integrates CA steering, visualisation of the SAR patterns and mean tumour SAR (SAR(target)) optimisation in a single screen. The pre-calculated electromagnetic fields are loaded into VEDO. During treatment, VEDO shows the SAR pattern, overlaid on the patients' CT-scan, corresponding to the actually applied power settings and it can (re-)optimise the SAR pattern to minimise SAR at regions where the patient senses discomfort while maintaining a high SAR(target).

RESULTS: The potential of the quantitative SAR steering approach using VEDO is demonstrated by analysis of the first treatment in which VEDO was used for two patients using the HYPERcollar. These cases show that VEDO allows response to power-related complaints of the patient and to quantify the change in absolute SAR: increasing either SAR(target) from 96 to 178 W/kg (case 1); or show that the first SAR distribution was already optimum (case 2).

CONCLUSION: This analysis shows that VEDO facilitates a quantitative treatment strategy allowing standardised application of HT by technicians of different HT centres, which will potentially lead to improved treatment quality and the possibility of tracking the effectiveness of different treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Aged
  • Female
  • Head
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced/instrumentation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neck
  • Software
  • Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy
  • Tongue Neoplasms/therapy


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