Classification study of DTI and HARDI 1 anisotropy measures for HARDI data 2 simplification

V. Prckovska, M. Descoteaux, Cyril Poupon, B.M. Haar Romenij, ter, A. Vilanova

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) captures the angular diffusion pattern of water molecules more accurately than diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). This is of importance mainly in areas of complex intra-voxel fiber configurations. However, the extra complexity of HARDI models has many disadvantages that make it unattractive for clinical applications. One of the main drawbacks is the long post-processing time for calculating the diffusion models. Also intuitive and fast visualization is not possible, and the memory requirements are far from modest. Separating the data into anisotropic-Gaussian (i.e., modeled by DTI) and non-Gaussian areas can alleviate some of the above mentioned issues, by using complex HARDI models only when necessary. This work presents a study of DTI and HARDI anisotropy measures applied as classification criteria for detecting non- Gaussian diffusion profiles. We quantify the classification power of these measures using a statistical test of receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curves applied on ex-vivo ground truth crossing phantoms. We show that some of the existing DTI and HARDI measures in the literature can be successfully applied for data classification to the diffusion tensor or different HARDI models respectively. The chosen measures provide fast data classification that can enable data simplification.We also show that increasing the b-value and number of diffusion measurements above clinically accepted settings does not significantly improve the classification power of the measures. Moreover, we show that a denoising pre-processing step improves the classification. This denoising enables better quality classifications even with low b-values and low sampling schemes. Finally, the findings of this study are qualitatively illustrated on real diffusion data under different acquisition schemes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew developments in the visualization and processing of tensor fields
EditorsD. Laidlaw, A. Vilanova
PublisherSpringer
Pages229-252
Number of pages379
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-27342-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameMathematics and visualization
ISSN (Print)1612-3786

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