Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites allow the synthesis of high-quality, nanostructured semiconducting films via easily accessible solution-based techniques. This has allowed tremendous development in optoelectronic applications, primarily solar cells and light-emitting diodes. Allowed by the ease of access to nanostructure, chirality has recently been introduced in semiconducting perovskites as a promising way to obtain advanced control of charge and spin and for developing circularly polarized light sources. Circular polarization of photoluminescence (CPL) is a powerful tool to probe the electronic structure of materials. However, CPL in chiral perovskites has been scarcely investigated, and a study in bulk thin films and at room temperature is still missing. In this work, we fabricate bromine-based chiral perovskites by using a bulky chiral organic cation mixed with CsBr, resulting in Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite thin films. We measure CPL on these films at room temperature and, by using unpolarized photoexcitation, we record a degree of circular polarization of photoluminescence in the order of 10-3 and provide a full spectral characterization of CPL. Our results show that chirality is imparted on the electronic structure of the semiconductor; we hypothesize that the excess in polarization of emitted light originates from the charge in the photogenerated Wannier exciton describing an orbit in a symmetry-broken environment. Furthermore, our experiments allow the direct measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the optical transition, which we estimate to be ≥0.1 μB. Finally, we discuss the implications of our findings on the development of chiral semiconducting perovskites as sources of circularly polarized light.
- chiral semiconductors
- chiroptical spectroscopy
- circularly polarized luminescence
- hybrid perovskites
- magnetic dipole moment