Chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students

Kristiaan B. van der Heijden, Marije C.M. Vermeulen, Claire E.H.M. Donjacour, Marijke C.M. Gordijn, Hans L. Hamburger, Anne M. Meijer, Karin J. van Rijn, Monique Vlak, Tim Weysen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inadequate sleep impairs cognitive function and has been associated with worse academic achievement in higher education students; however, studies that control for relevant background factors and include knowledge on sleep hygiene are scarce. This study examined the association of chronic sleep reduction (i.e. symptoms of chronic sleep reduction such as shortness of sleep, sleepiness and irritation), subjective sleep quality and sleep hygiene knowledge with academic achievement (grades and study credits) and study concentration among 1378 higher education students (71% female, mean age 21.73 years, SD = 3.22) in the Netherlands. Demographic, health, lifestyle and study behaviour characteristics were included as covariates in hierarchical regression analyses. After controlling for significant covariates, only chronic sleep reduction remained a significant predictor of lower grades (last exam, average in current academic year). Better sleep quality and sleep hygiene knowledge were associated with better academic achievement, but significance was lost after controlling for covariates, except for a remaining positive association between sleep hygiene beliefs and grades in the current academic year. Moreover, better sleep quality and lower scores on chronic sleep reduction were associated with better study concentration after controlling for significant covariates. To conclude, chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students. Inadequate sleep hygiene knowledge is moderately associated with worse academic achievement. Future research should investigate whether sleep hygiene interventions improve academic achievement in students of higher education.

LanguageEnglish
Pages165-174
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

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Sleep
Students
Education
Netherlands
Cognition
Sleep Hygiene
Life Style
Regression Analysis
Demography
Health

Keywords

  • Attention
  • sleep habits
  • sleep restriction

Cite this

van der Heijden, K. B., Vermeulen, M. C. M., Donjacour, C. E. H. M., Gordijn, M. C. M., Hamburger, H. L., Meijer, A. M., ... Weysen, T. (2018). Chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students. Journal of Sleep Research, 27(2), 165-174. DOI: 10.1111/jsr.12596
van der Heijden, Kristiaan B. ; Vermeulen, Marije C.M. ; Donjacour, Claire E.H.M. ; Gordijn, Marijke C.M. ; Hamburger, Hans L. ; Meijer, Anne M. ; van Rijn, Karin J. ; Vlak, Monique ; Weysen, Tim. / Chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students. In: Journal of Sleep Research. 2018 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 165-174
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van der Heijden, KB, Vermeulen, MCM, Donjacour, CEHM, Gordijn, MCM, Hamburger, HL, Meijer, AM, van Rijn, KJ, Vlak, M & Weysen, T 2018, 'Chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students' Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 165-174. DOI: 10.1111/jsr.12596

Chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students. / van der Heijden, Kristiaan B.; Vermeulen, Marije C.M.; Donjacour, Claire E.H.M.; Gordijn, Marijke C.M.; Hamburger, Hans L.; Meijer, Anne M.; van Rijn, Karin J.; Vlak, Monique; Weysen, Tim.

In: Journal of Sleep Research, Vol. 27, No. 2, 01.04.2018, p. 165-174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - van der Heijden,Kristiaan B.

AU - Vermeulen,Marije C.M.

AU - Donjacour,Claire E.H.M.

AU - Gordijn,Marijke C.M.

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AU - Vlak,Monique

AU - Weysen,Tim

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van der Heijden KB, Vermeulen MCM, Donjacour CEHM, Gordijn MCM, Hamburger HL, Meijer AM et al. Chronic sleep reduction is associated with academic achievement and study concentration in higher education students. Journal of Sleep Research. 2018 Apr 1;27(2):165-174. Available from, DOI: 10.1111/jsr.12596