Cholestatic liver injury as a side-effect of dabigatran and the use of coagulation tests in dabigatran intoxication and after reversal by idarucizumab in bleeding and sepsis

Willemijn J. Comuth, Anne Mette Haase, Linda Henriksen, Jerzy Malczynski, Daan van de Kerkhof, Anna Marie B. Münster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Idarucizumab, an antidote specific for dabigatran, became available recently. Dabigatran is not associated with increased risk of hepatotoxicity in comparison with warfarin, but it is seen as a rare side-effect. Cases of cholestatic liver injury due to dabigatran have not been reported previously. We present a case of severe gastro-intestinal bleeding with underlying dabigatran intoxication in a patient with renal failure and the effect of reversal of dabigatran using idaruzicumab on coagulation assays. International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) results were elevated in a setting of sepsis, possibly due to liver failure. INR and APTT can be elevated if sepsis is complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) or liver failure, making it challenging to determine dabigatrans contribution to their prolongation. A rebound effect after administration of idarucizumab and slow elimination of dabigatran due to reduced kidney function could be detected using the Hemoclot® diluted thrombin time (dTT) in this situation, in contrast to with non-dilutional assays. Before admission, cholestatic liver injury started shortly after initiation of dabigatran etexilate therapy. As no other cause was found, this liver injury was likely to be drug-induced. Bleeding cessated promptly after administration of idarucizumab in dabigatran intoxication. In conclusion, the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran can be measured by Hemoclot® dTT in sepsis and cholestatic liver injury was seen as a possible rare side-effect of dabigatran treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volume78
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • activated partial thromboplastin time
  • anticoagulants
  • Antidotes
  • blood coagulation
  • blood coagulation tests
  • chemical and drug induced liver injury
  • dabigatran
  • haemorrhage
  • international normalized ratio
  • prothrombin time
  • sepsis
  • thrombin time
  • Hemorrhage/drug therapy
  • Sepsis/drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Dabigatran/adverse effects
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/chemically induced
  • Female
  • Liver/injuries
  • Cholestasis/blood
  • Thrombelastography
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use
  • Blood Coagulation Tests
  • Aged

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