Charge-carrier concentration dependence of the hopping mobility in organic materials with Gaussian disorder

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Abstract

It has recently been demonstrated that the hopping mobility in semiconducting organic materials depends on the charge-carrier concentration. We have analyzed this effect within the framework of six existing semianalytical models, for the case of a Gaussian density of states (DOS). These models were either not applied earlier to the case of a Gaussian DOS, or are shown to require a major modification. The mobility is constant below a certain concentration, which decreases with increasing ratio of the width of the DOS over the thermal energy kBT, and it increases for larger concentrations. At very high concentrations final state effects limit this increase or even give rise to a decrease. An analytical expression is given for the mobility, µ, in the form of the product of the mobility in the low concentration limit times a concentration (c) and -dependent enhancement factor. Depending on c, ln(µ) varies approximately linearly with 1/T or with 1/T2. This finding may lead to a solution for the long-standing controversy between polaron-based and disorder-based hopping models.
Original languageEnglish
Article number155206
Pages (from-to)155206-1/20
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume72
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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