Characterizing width two for variants of treewidth

H.L. Bodlaender, V.J.C. Kreuzen, S. Kratsch, O-joung Kwon, Seongmin Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

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In this paper, we consider the notion of \emph{special treewidth}, recently introduced by Courcelle\cite{Courcelle2012}. In a special tree decomposition, for each vertex $v$ in a given graph, the bags containing $v$ form a rooted path. We show that the class of graphs of special treewidth at most two is closed under taking minors, and give the complete list of the six minor obstructions. As an intermediate result, we prove that every connected graph of special treewidth at most two can be constructed by arranging blocks of special treewidth at most two in a specific tree-like fashion. Inspired from the notion of special treewidth, we introduce three natural variants of treewidth, namely \emph{spaghetti treewidth}, \emph{strongly chordal treewidth} and \emph{directed spaghetti treewidth}. All these parameters lie between pathwidth and treewidth, and we provide common structural properties on these parameters. For each parameter, we prove that the class of graphs having the parameter at most two is minor closed, and we characterize those classes in terms of a \emph{tree of cycles} with additional conditions. Finally, we show that for each $k\geq 3$, the class of graphs with special treewidth, spaghetti treewidth, directed spaghetti treewidth, or strongly chordal treewidth, respectively at most $k$, is not closed under taking minors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-38
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

38 pages, 9 figures, 3 tables


  • math.CO
  • 05C75, 05C83
  • G.2.2


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