Characterization of poly(p-phenylene vinylene)/methanofullerene blends of polymer solar cells by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry

C.W.T. Bulle-Lieuwma, J.K.J. Duren, van, X.N. Yang, J. Loos, A.B. Sieval, J.C. Hummelen, R.A.J. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of bulk heterojunction solar cells (BHSC) strongly depends on the mol. morphol. of the .apprx.100 nm thick spin cast photoactive films of the polymer/fullerene composites used. Using dynamic TOF-SIMS, we show here that spontaneous stratification is absent for several methanofullerene concns. by use of a deuterium labeled methanofullerene in composite films of a poly(p-phenylene vinylene) and a methanofullerene. In addn., imaging TOF-SIMS on annealed samples shows a dramatic increase in phase segregation on a sub-micron level. The TOF-SIMS results are supported by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and at. force microscopy (AFM) measurements
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-277
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume231-232
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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