Characterization of catalysts by Moessbauer spectroscopy: an application to the study of Fischer-Tropsch, hydrotreating and super Claus catalysts

A.M. Kraan, van der, E. Boellaard, M.W.J. Crajé

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mössbauer spectroscopy is an excellent in-situ technique for the identification of phases present in catalysts. Applied to metallic iron catalysts used in the Fischer-Tropsch reaction it reveals a detailed picture of the carburization process and provides insight into the relation between the properties of the catalytic material and its activity. The influence of a support and the effect of alloying iron with an (in)active metal on the catalytic performance is discussed for Fe, Cu---Fe and Ni---Fe systems. In addition, Mössbauer spectroscopy is used for the identification of "Co-sulfide" species present in sulfided Co and CoMo catalysts applied in one of the largest chemical processes in the world, the hydrotreatment of crude oil. A structural model is proposed. Finally, the contribution of Mössbauer spectroscopic studies to the development of a new catalyst for cleaning of Claus tail gas via selective oxidation of hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur is discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6-12
    Number of pages7
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
    Volume76
    Issue number1-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of catalysts by Moessbauer spectroscopy: an application to the study of Fischer-Tropsch, hydrotreating and super Claus catalysts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this