Characterisation of electrical energy storage technologies

H.M. Lopes Ferreira, R. Garde, G. Fulli, W.L. Kling, J. Pecas Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

335 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


In the current situation with the unprecedented deployment of clean technologies for electricity generation, it is natural to expect that storage will play an important role in electricity networks. This paper provides a qualitative methodology to select the appropriate technology or mix of technologies for different applications. The multiple comparisons according to different characteristics distinguish this paper from others about energy storage systems. Firstly, the different technologies available for energy storage, as discussed in the literature, are described and compared. The characteristics of the technologies are explained, including their current availability. In order to gain a better perspective, availability is cross-compared with maturity level. Moreover, information such as ratings, energy density, durability and costs is provided in table and graphic format for a straightforward comparison. Additionally, the different electric grid applications of energy storage technologies are described and categorised. For each of the categories, we describe the available technologies, both mature and potential. Finally, methods for connecting storage technologies are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-298
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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