Since the nineteenth century, access to and the development of natural resources became an important element of national and international politics. Resource security emerged as an issue vital to national security; and resource competition and crises gave rise to international tensions as well as to technological innovation and new modes of transnational cooperation.
Heymann, M., Kotchetkova, E., Högselius, P., Sparenberg, O., Martin, J., Åberg, A., & Veraart, F. (2020). Challenging Europe: technology, environment and the quest for resource security. Technology and Culture, 61(1), 282-294. https://doi.org/10.1353/tech.2020.0002